NCERT 9th GEOGRAPHY Solutions / Notes : CHAPTER-1 INDIA SIZE AND LOCATION

  

NCERT 9th GEOGRAPHY Solutions / Notes : CHAPTER-1 INDIA SIZE AND LOCATION

NCERT Class 9th Geography Solution Notes in this note you can learn easily the concept of Chapter-1 :- India Size and Location. Here We are giving you solutions in question answer type so that your concept and doubts will become more clear.


NCERT 9th GEOGRAPHY

(INDIA SIZE AND LOCATION)


Chapter-1 : India Size and Location:-

NCERT Class 9th Geography Solution Notes in this note you can learn easily the concept of Chapter-1 :- India Size and Location. Here We are giving you solutions in question answer type so that your concept and doubts will become more clear.

Introduction: India is one of the oldest civilisations and have a remarkable history. After Independence from British rule, it achieved multi-faceted socio-economic progress. Also made a remarkable progress in the field of agriculture, industry, technology and overall economic development.

India's Location:

• Lies entirely in Northern hemisphere between latitudes 8°4' N and 37°6' N and longitudes 68°7' E and 97°25' E.

• Divided by Tropic of cancer (23°30' N) in almost two equal parts.

• In Southeast, Andaman and Nicobar islands lie in Bay of Bengal.

• In Southwest, Lakshadweep islands lie in Arabian Sea.

Its Size:

• Total Area of India is 3.28 million square km which is 2.4 percent of the total area of the world.

• It is seventh largest country in the world in terms of landmass.

• It has land boundary of about 15,200 km and the total length of the coast line of the mainland

including Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands is 7,516.6 km.

• In the northwest, north and north east of India, young folds mountains bounds it.

• South of about 22° north latitude, India narrows and finally extends towards the Indian Ocean. It also divides it into two seas, the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on its east.

• The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the mainland is about 30°.

• India’s east-west extent appears to be smaller than the north-south extent.

• The time along the Standard Meridian (82°30' E) passing through Mirzapur in UP is taken as the Indian Standard Time for whole country.

• The time gap between Arunachal Pradesh present in the east and Gujarat present in the west is about 2 hours. The latitudinal extent influences the duration of day and night, as one moves from south to north.

India and the World:

• India is located in the centre of the World between East and the West Asia.

• The routes across the Indian ocean which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of East Asia provide a strategic central location to India.

• The Deccan Peninsula* helps India to establish close contact with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the western coast and with Southeast and East Asia from the eastern coast.

• The Ocean which is south of India given name Indian Ocean as no other country has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean as India has.

• The land routes of India are much older than sea route. Various passes across mountains in the north have provided passages to the ancient travellers as ocean limited such interaction for a long time.

• The land routes helped India in the exchange of ideas and commodities since ancient times.

• India have propagated the ideas of the Upanishads and the Ramayana, the stories of Panchtantra, the Indian numerals and the decimal system as well as given spices, muslin and other merchandise to different countries.

• Also, the influence of Greek sculpture, and the architectural styles of dome and minarets from West Asia can be seen in different parts of India.

 

Its neighbours:

• India is comprised of 28 states and 8 union territories (AS PER 2020) and shares its land boundary with:

Northwest: Pakistan and Afghanistan

North: China, Nepal, Bhutan

East: Myanmar and Bangladesh

South: Sri Lanka and Maldives

• Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar

• Maldives Islands are situated to the south of the Lakshadweep Islands.

* A peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland on one side.

Point to remember  from Chapter:

• The southernmost point of the Indian Union– ‘Indira Point’ got submerged under the sea water in 2004 during the Tsunami.

• Since the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, India’s distance from Europe has been reduced by 7,000 km.

• Before 1947, there were two types of states in India – the provinces and the Princely states.

Provinces were ruled directly by British officials who were appointed by the Viceroy.

Princely states were ruled by local, hereditary rulers, who acknowledged sovereignty in return for local autonomy.


Important Map:





NCERT EXERCISE:

Question-1 (i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian sea?

Answer: Lakshadweep islands.

 

Question-1 (ii). Name the countries which are larger than India?

Answer: Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, and Australia.       

 

Question-1 (iii). Which island group of India lies to its south-east?

Answer: Andaman and Nicobar islands.

 

Question-3 (iv). Which island countries are our southern neighbors?

Answer: Srilanka and Maldives

 

Question-2. The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?

Answer: The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the mainland is about 30°. Despite this fact, the east-west extent appears to be smaller than the north-south extent. From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh there is a time lag of two hours. Hence, time along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh) is taken as the standard time for the whole country. The latitudinal extent influences the duration of the day and night, as one moves from south to north.

 

Question-3. The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?

Answer: The trans-Indian Ocean routes which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of East Asia provide a strategic central location to India.


Get All NCERT Class 9 Solutions / Notes - Click Here 


 NCERT 11th GEOGRAPHY (INDIA PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT) Solutions / Notes : CHAPTER-1 INDIA - LOCATION PDF Download

Post a Comment

0 Comments